Ayşe Kadıoğlu, Professor of Political Science

Sabancı University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences

Üniversite cad., No: 27

34956 Tuzla, Istanbul, Turkey




Migration and citizenship studies, new authoritarian regimes, autocratic legalism in New Turkey, nationalism(s) in Turkey, early twentieth century liberal thinkers in Turkey, women and Islam, Turkish secularism, memory and democracy, biographies/forgotten women of Istanbul who lived in Istanbul at the turn of the twentieth century.



“Autocratic Legalism in New Turkey,” Closing Keynote Lecture, Consortium for European Symposia on Turkey (CEST), Limits of Autocratisation: Actors and Institutions of Democratic Resilience, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, November 20, 2022.

“Yaşlılık ve Kadın,” 4. Uluslararası Akademik Geriatri Kongresi, Açılış Konuşması, İzmir, 14 Eylül 2022.

“The Life of Eliza Binemeciyan: The Armenian Genocide’s Impact on Performing Arts in Turkey,” The Promise Institute for Human Rights, UCLA School of Law, The Promise Armenian Institute UCLA, April 25, 2022.

“Never Ending Saga: Turkey’s Ever Presence at the Margins of Europe,” Online Lecture, Europe in a Changing World Project, Dahrendorf Programme at the European Studies Centre, St Antony’s College, University of Oxford, April 20, 2022.

Workshop on “Autocratic Legalism: The Use of Legality in Authoritarian Consolidation,” Columbia University Sakıp Sabancı Center for Turkish Studies in collaboration with Istanbul Policy Center, April 6, 2020.

“Autocratic Legalism in New Turkey,” Harvard Kennedy School, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, March 13, 2019.

“Who Wants Rights? Findings of an Istanbul Field Survey on Political Party Preferences and Rights Perceptions,” Harvard University, Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Visiting Scholars Seminar, November 28, 2018.

“Blurring the Distinction between Opinion and Truth in New Authoritarianisms: the Case of Turkey,” Harvard University, Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Visiting Scholars Seminar, February 14, 2018.

“Bringing History and Political Economy Back into the Analysis of Hybrid Regimes,” Keynote Lecture, The Centre for Southeast European Studies at the University of Graz, Consortium for European Symposia on Turkey, Symposium on Populism, Majoritarianism and Crises of Liberal Democracy, Modes of Illiberal Governance in Comparative Perspective, November 1-3, 2015.

“On Memory and Democracy: Skeletons in the Turkish Closet,” 2014 Campagna-Kerven Lecture, Boston University, April 23, 2014.



Boston University, Boston, MA, USA

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Political Science, May 1990

Major:Comparative Politics. Minor: Political Theory

Title of Doctoral Dissertation: A Structural Analysis of the Gastarbeiter Phenomenon in the Federal Republic of Germany and its Implications for Turkey with Special Reference to the Social Position of Women

The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA, Master of Arts (M.A.) in International Relations, January 1984

Title of Masters Thesis: An Evaluation of Export-Oriented Industrialization Strategies in Less Developed Countries

Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, Bachelor of Sciences in Political Science, June 1982 



since 3.2009: Professor, Sabancı University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Istanbul (1.1998-3.2009: Associate Professor)

10.2016-1.2018: Acting President, Sabancı University

9.2013-10.2017: Dean, Sabancı University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Istanbul

since 6.2016: Advisory Board Member, Columbia University Sakıp Sabancı Center for Turkish Studies

since 1.2004: Invited Participant, Middle East Legal Studies Seminar (MELSS) organized annually by Yale Law School, New Haven, CT

since 2.2018: Senior Scholar, Istanbul Policy Center, Sabancı University, Mercator Stiftung Initiative

since 9.2020: Advisory Board Member, ELIAMEP, Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy, Turkey Programme

9.2019-7.2020: Visiting Scholar, Columbia University, Sakıp Sabancı Center for Turkish Studies

1.2019-1.2020: Fellow, Harvard Kennedy School, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Cambridge, MA

1.2018-1.2019: Visiting Scholar, Harvard University, Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Cambridge, MA

9.2013-1.2018: Board of Trustees Member, Sakıp Sabancı Museum, Istanbul

9.2013-1.2018: Executive Board Member, Education Reform Initiative, Sabancı University, Istanbul

10.2016-1.2018: Executive Board Member,  Istanbul Policy Center, Sabancı University, Mercator Stiftung Initiative, Istanbul (Advisory Board Member, 2010-2016)

since 2011: Advisor for the online network Free Speech Debate

2010-until the completion of the program in 2013: Advisory Board Member, The Bucerius PhD Scholarship Program in Migration Studies, Zeit Stiftung, Hamburg

10.2011-10.2015: Deputy Member of the Board of Directors, Hrant Dink Foundation, Istanbul

10.2010-5.2011: Member of Advisory Group, Co-authored the report “Living Together: Combining Diversity and Freedom in 21st Century Europe,” Council of Europe, Strasbourg

2009, 2011, 2012: Member of the Organizing Committee, Hrant Dink Memorial Workshop, Sabancı University, Istanbul

10.2009-6.2010: Sabancı Fellow at the University of Oxford, European Studies Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford

10.2005-12.2005: Visiting Scholar and Senior Associate Member, University of Oxford, South East European Studies at Oxford (SEESOX), St Antony’s College, Oxford

11.2005-12.2005: Visiting Scholar, University of Westminster, Centre for the Study of Democracy (CSD), London

9.1990-12.1997: Assistant Professor, Bilkent University, Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Ankara

3.1994 (March 12-19) Salzburg Seminar Fellow, Session 311, “Is Europe Losing Its Way”

2.1992-6.1992: Postdoctoral Scholar, Stanford University, Center for European Studies, Stanford, CA

1.1989-5.1989: Lecturer, Tufts University, Department of Political Science, Medford, MA

Instructor, Boston University, Metropolitan College, Boston, MA

9.1985-12.1988: Teaching Fellow, Boston University, Department of Political Science, Boston, MA

1.1988-5.1988:Lecturer, Tufts University, Experimental College, Medford, MA

5.1988-7.1988, 5.1987-7.1987, 7.1986-9.1986: Instructor, Boston University Summer School, Boston MA




 Cumhuriyet İradesi-Demokrasi Muhakemesi: Türkiye’de Demokratik Açılım Arayışları (Republican Will-Democratic Reason: Search for a Democratic Disclosure in Turkey) (Istanbul: Metis, 1999).

Vatandaşlığın Dönüşümü: Üyelikten Haklara (Transformation of Citizenship: From Membership to Rights) (Istanbul: Metis, 2008, second edition 2012, third edition 2022).

(co-edited with Fuat Keyman) Symbiotic Antagonisms: Competing Nationalisms in Turkey (Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press, 2011).

(co-edited with Kerem Öktem and Mehmet Karlı) Another Empire? A Decade of Turkey’s Foreign Policy Under the Justice and Development Party (Istanbul: Istanbul Bilgi University Press, 2012).


Articles in Refereed Journals (in chronological order):

“Citizenship, Immigration, and Racism in a Unified Germany with Special Reference to the Turkish Guestworkers,” Bosphorus University, Journal of Economics and Administrative Studies, 6/1-2, 1992, pp. 199-211.

“Devletini Arayan Millet: Almanya Örneği” (A Nation in Search of Its State: The German Case), Toplum ve Bilim, 62, Fall 1993, pp. 95-111.

“Women’s Subordination in Turkey: Is Islam Really the Villain,” The Middle East Journal, 48/4, Autumn 1994, pp. 645-661.

“Impact of Migration Experiences on Gender Roles: Findings of a Field Research in Turkey,” International Migration, 32/4, 1994, pp. 533-560.

“The Paradox of Turkish Nationalism and the Construction of Official Identity,” Middle Eastern Studies, 32/2, April 1996, pp. 177-194.

“Migration Experiences of Turkish Women: Notes from a Researcher’s Diary,” International Migration, 35/4, 1997, pp. 537-557.

“Republican Epistemology and Islamic Discourses in Turkey in the 1990s,” The Muslim World, LXXXVIII/1, January 1998, pp. 1-21.

“Citizenship and Individuation in Turkey: The Triumph of Will Over Reason,” CEMOTI , 26, 1998, pp. 23-43 (also translated into Turkish and published in Fuat Keyman (ed.), Liberalizm, Devlet, Hegemonya (Liberalism, State, Hegemony), Everest, Istanbul, 2002, pp. 258-283/Reprinted in English in Steunebrink G. and E. van der Zweerde (eds), Civil Society, Religion, and the Nation: Modernization in Intercultural Context, Russia, Japan, Turkey (Studies in Intercultural Philosophy 13, Rodopi, Amsterdam, 2004).

“An Islamic Critique of Modernity in Turkey: Politics of Difference Backwards” (co-authored with Menderes Çınar), Orient , 40/1, March 1999, pp. 53-69.

“Civil Society, Islam and Democracy in Turkey: A Study of Three Islamic NGOs,” The Muslim World, 95/1, January 2005, pp. 23-43.

“Denationalization of Citizenship?, The Turkish Experience,” Citizenship Studies, 11/3, July 2007, pp. 283-301.

“An Oxymoron: The Origins of Civic-Republican Liberalism in Turkey,” Critique, 16/2, Summer 2007, pp. 171-190.

“Political Participation from a Citizenship Perspective,” Middle East Law and Governance, Inaugural issue, 1/1, January 2009, pp. 90-116.

“The Pathologies of Turkish Republican Laicism,” Philosophy and Social Criticism, 36/3-4, 2010, pp. 489-504.

“Reading John Stuart Mill in Turkey in 2017,” Middle East Law and Governance, 10/2, 2018, pp. 203-232.

“Leaving a Life Behind: Eliza Binemeciyan’s Encounter with ‘the Banality of Evil,'” Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, 28/1, October 4, 2021.

“Autocratic Legalism in New Turkey,” Social Research: An International Quarterly, 88/2, Summer 2021, pp. 445-471.

“Writing to exist: Mes’adet Bedirhan’s pleas for Ottoman women,” Women’s History Review, published online on March 27, 2024.


Book Chapters and Other Articles (in chronological order):

“The Human Tie: International Labor Migration” in Canan Balkır and Allan M. Williams (eds), Turkey and Europe, Pinter Publishers, Ltd., St. Martin’s Press, London, New York, 1993, pp. 140-157.

“Is Racism Being Combated Effectively in Germany? The New Immigration Legislation,” in Goran Rystad (ed.), Encountering Strangers: Responses and Consequences, Lund University Press, Sweden, 1996, pp. 73-93.

“Cinselliğin İnkarı: Büyük Toplumsal Projelerin Nesnesi Olarak Türk Kadınları” (Denouncing Sexuality: Turkish Women as Objects of Grand Social Projects), Bilanço 98, 75 Yılda Kadınlar ve Erkekler (Women and Men in 75 Years) (Istanbul: Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı, 1998), pp. 89-101 (also translated into German and published in Barbara Pusch (ed.), Die neue muslimische Frau (Istanbul: Orient-Institut and Goethe-Institut, 2001), pp. 31-50.

“Democratic Citizenship,” Günay Göksu Özdoğan and Gül Tokay (eds), Redefining the Nation, State, and Citizen (Istanbul: Marmara University Research Centre for International Relations, 2000), pp. 59-69.

“Milliyetçilik-Liberalizm Ekseninde Vatandaşlık ve Bireysellik” (Citizenship and Individuation along the Nationalism-Liberalism Axis) in Tanıl Bora (ed.), Modern Türkiye’de Siyasi Düşünce Tarihi (History of Political Thought in Modern Turkey), Vol. 4 (Istanbul: İletişim, 2002), pp. 284-292.

“Can We Envision Turkish Citizenship as Non-membership” in Fuat Keyman and Ahmet İçduygu (eds), Citizenship and Identity In a Globalizing World: European Questions/Turkish Experiences (London and New York: Routledge, 2005), pp. 105-123.

“Muslim Feminist Debates on the Question of Headscarf in Contemporary Turkey,” Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Contemporary Islamic Thought (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006).

“Aydınlanma, Vatandaşlık ve Kadın: Türkiye Örneği,” in Fuat Keyman (ed.), Aydınlanma, Türkiye ve Vatandaşlık (Istanbul: Osmanlı Bankası Arşiv ve Araştırma Merkezi, 2008).

“Vatandaşlık ve Siyasal Katılım” (Citizenship and Political Participation), Ergun Özbudun’a Armağan Cilt I (In Honor of Ergun Özbudun, Vol. I), (Istanbul: Yetkin Yayınları, 2008).

“Genos versus Devlet: Conceptions of Citizenship in Greece and Turkey,” Othon Anastasakis, Kalypso Nicolaidis and Kerem Oktem (eds), In the Long Shadow of Europe: Greeks and Turks in the Era of Postnationalism (Leiden: E. J. Brill, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2009).

“Necessity and State of Exception: Turkish State’s Permanent War with its Kurdish Citizens” in Riva Kastoryano (ed.), Turkey Between Nationalism and Globalization, (Routledge, 2013)

“What Stories does Europe Tell: A View from Turkey,” Harvard University, Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, Open Forum Series, 35, October 17, 2019.

“Imperious Nationalism in New Turkey: Foreign Policy Discourses in the AKP’s Electoral Manifestos,” (co-authored with Bengi R. Cengiz) in Alpaslan Özerdem and Ahmet Erdi Öztürk (eds), A Companion to Modern Turkey’s Centennial: Political, Sociological, Economic and Institutional Transformations since 1923 (Edinburgh University Press, forthcoming in 2023).




Zaman Lekesi (Time Stain) (Istanbul: Istanbul Bilgi Universitesi Yayınları, 2006).

Report (co-author):

Living Together: Combining Diversity and Freedom in 21st Century Europe, Council of Europe, 2011. Video about the Report.


Essays and Opinion Pieces (in chronological order):

“Tarihsel Açıdan Alman Milliyetçiliği, Vatandaşlık Kavramı ve Göç Politikaları” (German Nationalism from a Historical Perspective, the Concept of Citizenship and Immigration Policies), Türkiye Günlüğü, 17, 1991, pp. 104-109.

“Alaturkalık ile İffetsizlik Arasında Birey Olarak Kadın” (Women Between Being A la Turca and Unchaste), Görüş, TÜSIAD publication, no.9, May 1993, pp. 58-62.

“Türkiye’de Yaşanan Hizipleşme ve Dreyfus Meselesi” (Sectarian Tendencies in Turkey and the Dreyfus Affair), Birikim, 59, March 1994, pp. 98-101.

“Milletini Arayan Devlet: Türk Milliyetçiliğinin Açmazları” (A State in Search of Its Nation: The Dilemmas of Turkish Nationalism), Türkiye Günlüğü, 33, 1995, pp. 91-101 (reprinted in Adnan Küçük et al. (eds), 21. Yüzyılın Eşiğinde Türkiye’de Siyasal Hayat (Turkish Political Life at the Turn of the Twentyfirst Century), Vol. II (İstanbul: Aktüel Alfa Akademi, 2005), pp. 807-821.

“Cumhuriyetin Kuruluş Yıllarında Türk Milliyetçiliğinin Çelişkisi ve Seçkinlerin Tavrı” (The Paradox of Turkish Nationalism in the Founding Years of the Republic and the Republican Elite) in Nuri Bilgin (ed.), Cumhuriyet, Demokrasi ve Kimlik (Republic, Democracy, and Identity) (Istanbul: Bağlam, 1997), pp. 277-282.

“Kamusal Alan ile Özel Alanın Yeniden Eklemlenmesi: Demokratik Vatandaşlık” (Rearticulation of the Public and the Private Realms: Democratic Citizenship), Diyalog, 1, 1996, pp. 119-134 (an extended version of this article is translated into German and published in Kursat-Ahlers, Elçin, Dursun Tan and Hans-Peter Waldhoff (eds), Globalisierung, Migration und Multikulturalitat, IKO-Verlag fur Interkulturelle Kommunikation, Institut fur Soziologie der Universitat Hannover, 1999, pp. 257-274).

“Cumhuriyet Kadını: Vatandaş mı, Birey mi?” (Republican Women: A Citizen or An Individual), Varlık, 1069, October 1996, pp. 12-15.

“Sıradan Milliyetçilik: Sürekli Milliyetçilik” (Banal Nationalism: Permanent Nationalism), Varlık, 1076, May 1997, pp. 2-6.

“Yeni Alman Sağı: Bir Başka Tarihbilim Tartışması” (The New German Right: Another Debate of Historiography), Toplumbilim, 7, October 1997, pp. 63-70.

“Laiklik ve Türk Liberalizminin Kökenleri” (Secularism and the Origins of Turkish Liberalism), Defter , 11/33, Spring 1998, pp. 41-63.

“Su Canavarının Karaya Çıkışı: Devlet ve MHP” (Landing of the Sea Monster: State and the Nationalist Action Party), Birikim, 122, June 1999, pp. 23–28.

“Yirminci Yüzyılın Başında Aidiyet Biçimleri” (Senses of Belonging at the Turn of the Twenty First Century), 8. Ulusal Kalite Kongresi, 3–4 November 1999, CD-ROM, TÜSIAD, KalDer.

“Sosyal Bilimsel Sancılar” (Social Scientific Pains), Doğu-Batı, 2/7, May-June-July 1999, pp. 171–186.

“The Debate on Democratization in the Broader Middle East and North Africa: A Civic Assessment from Turkey,” Istanbul Papers 3, Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV) and the German Marshall Fund of the United States, June 2004 (co-authored with Burak Akçapar, Mensur Akgün, Meliha Altunışık –this policy paper was also translated into Turkish and Arabic).

“Eastern Union,” Oxfordforum, Oxford University Student Union, Summer 2006, pp. 38-39.

“Citizenship and Participation,” The CSD Bulletin, Centre for the Study of Democracy, University of Westminster, 13/2, Summer 2006, pp. 16–17.

“The Pigeon on the Bridge is Shot,” MERIP online, February 16, 2007.

“The Headscarf and Citizenship in Turkey,” Social Science Research Council blog, Immanent Frame, April 23, 2008.

“The Spirit of Convivencia,” The Cost of No EU-Turkey III: Five Views, Open Society Foundation, Istanbul,  May 2011 (available in English and Turkish).

“From Oblivion to Memory: Skeletons in the Turkish Republican Closet” (co-authored with Orhan Miroğlu), What Does Turkey Think? (edited by Dimitar Bechev), European Council on Foreign Relations, London, June 2011.

“The Role of Islam in the Democratic Transformation of Arab Countries: can Turkish Laicism be a Model?” Democracy on the Precipice: Council of Europe Democracy Debates 2011-12 (Council of Europe publication, 2012).

“Turkish Taboos Perpetuate Immaturity,” printed in Free Speech Debate on February 17, 2012 (reprinted in the Guardian on April 18, 2012).

“Skeletons in the Turkish Closet: Remembering the Armenian Genocide,” openDemocracy 50.50, April 24, 2015.

“Coup d’état attempt: Turkey’s Reichstag Fire,” openDemocracy, July 16, 2016.

“Istanbul Mayoral elections: in praise of human agency,” openDemocracy, June 24, 2019.

“New authoritarian Zeitgeist: family resemblances,” openDemocracy, December 6, 2019.

“Exile, dignity and love: an Istanbul Story,” K24, May 18, 2020 (reprinted in Eurozine on August 25, 2020).

“İhsan Raif: A woman with a pen and a pillow in Istanbul,” K24, January 18, 2021.



TÜBİTAK (The Scientific and Technoloical Research Council of Turkey) 3001 Project Grant, An Analysis of Citizenship Perceptions in Istanbul on the Basis of Political Party Orientations, completed in December 2016 

Perceptions of Citizenship in Turkey: Equal Citizenship and Active Citizenship (with Fuat Keyman and Didem Çakmaklı),  Project Grant, Istanbul Policy Center, Checks and Balances Network in cooperation with National Democratic Institute, KONDA Research and Consultancy, 2016

The Ford Foundation, International Development Research Center of Canada and The Population Council,  Middle East Awards (MEAwards), Research Grant, May 1989 (first stage), March 1990 (second stage) for conducting   field survey on the changing social and familial positions of returning migrant women in Turkey. Middle East Research Competition (MERC), additional grant for the same research, August 1990

Sabancı University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Teaching Award, 2012

Boston University, The Graduate School Prize for Excellence in Teaching, 1989

Boston University, Graduate School, Graduate Scholarship Award, 09.1985-05.1990

The Foreign Student Service Council and the U.S. Information Agency Certificate/Award for successful completion of International Leadership Workshop on U.S. Government and Foreign Policy, November 1986

The New England Political Science Association, Donovan Prize for The Best Paper at the 1989 Annual Conference